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Board on Board Fence

Board on Board Fence

A board on board fence, also known as a “batten“ fence, is a design where vertical wooden boards are attached to fence rails or posts with a slight overlap. This design ensures no gaps appear in the fence over time as the wood contracts and expands with changes in humidity and temperature. Here’s a detailed breakdown:


Overlapping Boards: Two layers of boards are used. The first layer is attached to the rails, and then a second layer is placed over the gaps between the boards of the first layer. This overlapping ensures there are no gaps in the fence.

Support Rails: Horizontal rails are attached to the posts and support the vertical boards. These rails are typically made of the same material as the boards for a cohesive look.

Fence Posts: Typically made of the same material as the rest of the fence (wood), the posts are set into the ground at regular intervals. They provide the main support structure for the rails and boards

Stockade Fence Design

Picket Style & Size:

There are 3 main Styles of pickets:

– Straight
– Dog-eared
– French Gothic

And there are two main picket sizes:

– 1×4 Picket:

Nominal Size: 1 inch thick by 4 inches wide
Actual Size: Usually about 3/4 inch thick by 3 1/2 inches wide
Characteristics: These are slimmer and give a more delicate appearance. They are lighter, which can make them easier to work with. They also provide a classic look for fence designs.
Usage: Ideal for more traditional or decorative fences where a lighter and less obtrusive appearance is desired.

– 1×6 Picket:

Nominal Size: 1 inch thick by 6 inches wide
Actual Size: Usually about 3/4 inch thick by 5 1/2 inches wide
Characteristics: These pickets are wider, providing more coverage per board. This can be beneficial for privacy fences as fewer boards are needed to achieve the same level of privacy.
Usage: Suitable for more robust privacy fences. Their wider profile means they can also be more visually impactful and can make a fence appear sturdier.

Decorative Trims:

Cap Trim:
A cap trim is a horizontal piece that sits atop the fence, covering the tops of the vertical pickets. It’s designed to protect the end grains of the wood, which are most vulnerable to moisture and decay. It often has a slight slope to shed water and prevent it from pooling.

Top Trim:
Top trim is a decorative element that runs along the top edge of the fence. It adds a finished look and can be designed in various shapes to complement the style of the fence and the property. It also covers the sharp edges and provides a degree of protection from the elements.

Bottom Trim:
The bottom trim, or “kickboard,“ is a piece of wood that runs along the bottom of the fence. This trim serves several purposes: it can prevent soil contact with the fence pickets, which helps to prevent rotting; it can also act as a barrier to prevent grass or weeds from growing up against the fence, and it provides a clean, finished look to the base of the fence.

Scalloped or Dipped

Scalloped refers to a decorative, curved design along the top of the fence, where the top trim forms a concave pattern between the posts. The scallops can be shallow or deep, depending on your preference, with deep scallops offering a more pronounced wave shape. This can create a more open, inviting look compared to a straight line.

Deep design refers to a significant depth in the scalloped pattern or it might refer to a different type of design where the cut of the top trim is more dramatic or the wood is thicker, giving the fence a more robust appearance.

Post Type

4×4 Post:
Nominal Size: 4 inches by 4 inches
Actual Size: About 3.5 inches by 3.5 inches
Use: These are commonly used for residential fences and are considered sufficiently strong for most types of fencing, including privacy fences up to a certain height.
Appearance: They are less bulky and can appear more proportionate for smaller fences or where a lighter aesthetic is desired.
Installation: Easier to handle and install due to their lighter weight.
Cost: Generally less expensive than larger posts because they use less material.

6×6 Post:
Nominal Size: 6 inches by 6 inches
Actual Size: About 5.5 inches by 5.5 inches
Use: These are used for larger, more robust structures like privacy fences, pergolas, and decks, especially where a heftier look is desired or extra support is needed, such as for taller fences or in high-wind areas.
Appearance: They provide a more substantial and sturdier look to the structure.
Installation: Heavier and more difficult to work with, which may make the installation process more labor-intensive.
Cost: More expensive due to the increased amount of wood material.
A Gothic post refers to a specific style of fence post characterized by its pointed or spear-shaped top, which resembles architectural elements commonly found in Gothic architecture. This design feature adds a decorative, historical, or elegant touch to fencing projects, contributing to the overall aesthetic appeal. A Gothic post is typically carved or shaped to form the distinct point at its top, giving it a classic, somewhat medieval look.
4x4 Post

Post Exposures

Non-Exposed Post Fence: This design means that the fence pickets extend over the posts, covering them. In this style, the posts are not visible when you look at the fence from the front because the pickets are attached in front of the posts. This can give a very sleek, continuous look to the fence where the vertical lines of the posts are hidden by the pickets.

Standard Post Exposure: In this common style, the fence panels or pickets are attached between the posts, so the posts are visible at regular intervals along the fence line. This creates a pattern where each section of the fence is framed by posts on either side. This style makes the structure of the fence more evident and can be aesthetically pleasing in its own right, offering a rhythm and clear delineation of fence segments.

Post Caps

A post cap is a decorative element placed on top of a fence Post. Apart from adding a stylistic touch, post caps serve several important functions:

Protection: Most importantly, they help protect the end grain of the post from the elements. The top of a post is particularly vulnerable to rain, snow, and ice, which can seep into the wood grain, causing rot and decay. By covering the top, a post cap prevents water from penetrating the wood.

Durability: By keeping the post dry, the cap extends the life of the post. This is especially crucial for wooden posts, which are prone to rotting.

Design Variety: Post caps come in various designs and materials, including wood, vinyl, copper, stainless steel, and solar-powered lighted caps.
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